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The Kurdish Unified Alphabet

The list of the Kurdish Unified Alphabet (Yekgirtú) with audio pronunciation of vowels. There are additional links at the bottom of this page which allow you to compare Yekgirtú with other existing Kurdish alphabets as well as Arabic, Persian and Turkish Alphabets.

Riz Alfabé Wéney Deng Peyvin Kurdí   Dengan
Pos. Alphabet It Sounds Like in: Some Kurdish words IPA Sounds
1
A   a Car Aza , Awaz [a:] a A
2
B   b Brother Bira ,   Baba [b]  
3
C   c Church Cav ,   Cemcemall [tʃ]  
4
D   d door Dadar [d]  
5
E   e Actor Emane [æ] e E
6
É   é Hair Ére , Hewlér [ɛ] é É
7
F   f Family Firya ,  def [f]  
8
G   g Gallery Gurrgurr [g]  
9
H   h House Hozan, Herho [h]  
10
I   i Sit , Bit Bin, Kirin [I] i I
11
Í   í See Íro , Dídí [i:] í Í
12
J   j Joy Jajig [ʤ]  
13
Jh   jh Pleasure Jhújhú [ʒ]  
14
K   k Kind Kake, Kicke [k]  
15
L   l Life Lekí, Lale [l]  
16
ll Velar "L" Dill , Mall [ɬ]  
17
M   m Mother Mame, Míne [m]  
18
N   n Nation Nan, Narín
[n]  
19
O   o Old Oyar,   Koll [o] o O
20
P   p Policy Pepúle, Peyv [p]  
21
Q   q ? Qaz, Qú [q]  
22
R   r Rain (Flapped R) Zar, Berzan
[ɾ]  
23
rr Trill "R" as Spanish perro Pirr , Birrín [r]  
24
S   s Cinema Sasún, Sis [s]  
25
Sh   sh Sheep Shemshall [ʃ]  
26
T   t Tea Temate [t]  
27
U   u Kurd Kurd,  Gulan [u] u U
28
Ú   ú Choose Dúr,  Kúp [u:] ú  Ú
29
Ù   ù "U" in Swedish Ùshim,   Mirùje [ʉ:] ù Ù
30
V   v Vote Mirov,   Víyan [v]  
31
W   w Wind Wéjhe,   Dew [w]  
32
X   x Ch in German Xak,   Dax [x]  
33
Y   y Year Yaristan,   Díyar [j]  
34
Z   z Zoo Zerza,  Zozan [z]  

 

  1. The mid-open Vowel Phonemes " i " never comes at the start of any Kurdish words but some loan words.
  2. The Consonant Phonemes in positions 13, 16, 23, 25 are digraphs (combined phonemes) with no exceptional usage and will be treated as a single letters at all time.
  3. The velar " ll " is for non-initial positions only (ll), in Kurdish Velar L never comes in initial position.
  4. The trill " rr " is for non-initial positions only, initial position in any Kurdish words is pronounced as a Trill " R ".
  5. TABLE 1: Unified Kurdish Consonant Phonemes
  6. TABLE 2: Unified Kurdish Vowel Phonemes
  7. See a comparison of the Various Kurdish Alphabets.
  8. See a comparison of Kurdish, Persian, Arabic and Turkish Alphabet
  9. Kurdish Unified Alphabet System, ISO 8859-1 character set

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