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Kurdish "moon" and "month"

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zimanzan
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Joined: 16 Sep 2008

Moon

Northern Kirmanjí "heyv"/"hív"/"heyf" and Zaza "ashme"/"asme" (dialectal change of "sh" > "s") share the same root interestingly. The root is exactly a Middle Persian combination of Old Iranian "eushe-"* and "meh-" which appears in "ayíshm". Also entered in Talyshi as "ovíshm" (apparently Talyshi is apt to change "-y-" into "-v-" sporadically: ove < ave* < aye* < hage* ~ egg). It initially becomes "heyshm"* in Northern Kirmanjí and then the middle "-sh-" disappears (a frequent change in Kirmanjí Kurdish). So it forms "heym" which further undergoes the characteristic change of Kirmanjí "-m" > "-v": "heyv".

But the Southern and Central Kirmanjí as well as Goraní group represent "mang", "meng", and "mong" (dialectal change of "a" > "o", specifically in Lekí and Ílamí). Also Goraní group "mang". All of these are derived from Old Iranian "mawng-" in the exact meaning of "moon". Also archaic Gilaki (Daylami poetry) "mang" ~ "moon".

I think "mang" is the most proper Kirmanjí word to be picked as the Standard word for "moon".

Month

Northern Kirmanjí "meh" and occasionally "heyv", while Zaza "menge", Goraní "mang", and Central/Southern Kirmanjí "mang" (archaic "me", like in "Reshe-me" ~ literally "Black-month"). Surprisingly Zaza uses the same Central and Southern word with a pronunciation pretty close to that of Kelhúrí Kurdish. However both "mang"/"menge" and "heyv" originally mean "moon" not "month". Such a confounding significance also appears in most modern Iranian languages (e.g. Persian "mah" ~ "month"/"moon").

But the predominant Northern Kirmanjí "meh" from Old Iranian "meh-" ~ "month" stays in its accurate place and for sure deserves to be speculated as Standard Kirmanjí Kurdish word for "month".

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Hesen
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Joined: 21 Aug 2008
A question: is the example

A question: is the example "mawng" from Avesta or from which language is this? I need it for a project of me.