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An Example of Archaic Soraní

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zimanzan
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Hereby I want to write down some interesting words from a book written in Central Kirmanjí (Soraní) titled "The Prophecies of Íl Begí". Íl Begí was a Kurdish preacher born in Sharezúr (~ Silémaní) approximately 550 years ago. Sédíq Borekeí (Sefízade) translated and explained those poems in Persian in the book "Pishgooihay Eil-Bagi jaf".

It draws attention to know about the older forms of Kurdish speeches and dialects.

(Modern Soraní counterparts, English meanings, and additional comments are added by me)

Íl Begí's Poetry : Modern Soraní (of Silémaní) : Meaning and Comments

ewsa : ewsa : then, thereafter

bewr : bewr : tiger

pirr : pirr : ful

josh : herella, xirosh : chaos, turmoil (~modern meaning of "josh" is "lust; passion, zeal")

xas : xas : good, fine

dújhmin : dijhmin : foe

eyar : neyar : enemy (< Middle Persian "eyar")

dozex : dozex : inferno (

dúkel : dúkel : smoke

dí : dí, tir, hender : other, else

díl : díl : captive; slave

ref : júwén : curse, swear

ríswa : riswa : ignominious

jhen : jhin : woman, wife

jhér : jhér : under, underneath

jhín : jhín : life

jhi : le : from (~ Norther Kirmanjí "jhi", Southern Kirmanjí "jhe")

sipí : spí : white

sitem : serkut : oppression (~ Northern Kirmanjí "stem")

hewr : hewr : cloud

pirme : girye : weep, cry (~ eastern Soraní "pirme"; Hewramí "bermay", Zaza "bermayish")

xew : xew : sleep, dream

níme : níwe : half ( ~ eastern Soraní and Southern Kirmanjí "níme")

zor : zor : very

gelé : gelé, gelék : very much

gíyaní : gíyaní : spiritual, indwelling

tégh : gwézan; shemshér : blade; razorblade (~ eastern Soraní "tégh")

wek : wek : alike

wéne : wéne : alike, similar

sipa : súpa : army (~ common Kurdish "sipa")

kúr : kúr : boy

kic : kic : girl

kewjh : larí, meyl : inclination

mallwen : mellwen : homeland (

wúsyar : fire, zorzor : a lot (~ Middle Iranian "wesyar" > Modern Persian "bésyar")

bade : mey, bade : wine

kam : kam : pleasure; contentment; sexual climax

gwécke : gwécke, gwé : ear

xelq : xelk : people (< Arabic "xelq")

zinjír : zinjír : chain; aligned

nexcír : nécír : prey (~ eastern Soraní "necír")

gird : gisht : whole (~ Erdellaní Soraní "gi")

we (sporadic) : be : to (~ Southern Kirmanjí "we")

be : be : to

deng : deng : voice; sound

bang : bang : adhan (oral announcement before regular prayers to fetch Muslims)

Xwa : Xwa : God

newerd : sherr : battle (< Middle Persian "niberd")

qela : qela : castile (< Arabic "qel'et")

késhe : késhe : conflict

gewre : gewre : great; big

zíw : zíw : silver

zerr : zérr : gold (~ eastern Soraní and Southern Kirmanjí "zerr")

keryo : kerwéshk : rabbit

wazí : yari, bazí : play; competition (~ Southern Kirmanjí "wazí")

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