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Hémin Mukríyaní

Hémin Mukríyaní

Hemin Mukriyani (1921-1986 | Kurdish: Hémin Mukríyaní) was the pen name for Seyed Mohammad Amin Shaikholislami Mukri, Kurdish poet, journalist, translator, and literary critic.

He was born in the village of Lachin (Kurdish: Lacín), near Mahabad in Mukríyan Province in Kurdistan, where the first Kurdish Republic of Mahabad was established in 1945. After going through the elementary school of Saadat in Mahabad and completing his religious training at the Shaikh Borhan's Khanaqah in the village of Sharafkand, Hemin joined the Kurdish Resurrection Party (Komeley Jiyanewey Kurd), founded in 1942. This was the first Kurdish political organization with a clear ambition for the establishment of an independent Greater Kurdistan.

During the WWII when the Red Army invaded parts of northern Iran, including most of Azarbaijan and parts of Kurdistan, KJK changed its name to Kurdish Democratic Party and declared the first Kurdish republic with Mahabad as its capital. Mukriyani, along with his best friend Abd-al-Rahman Sharafkandi (Hejhar), was named the Kurdish national poet of the Republic of Mahabad, and became the secretary of Haji Baba Shaikh, the prime minister and head of the Republic.

He fled the oppression that followed the downfall of the Republic in December 1946 and he took refuge in Sulaimaniya in Iraqi Kurdistan, where he was arrested. He was released after a while. After the agreements of 11 March 1970, which allowed the Kurdish insurgents and Baghdad's central government a four years' respite, Hemin settled down in Baghdad and became an active member of the Kurdish Academy of Science.

Reference for the short biography (Wikipedia), The photo from Archive of Serwe Journal, courtesy of Hédí facebook